Posted November 5, 2005
These papers were presented at a conference organized by the consulting firm Global Insight, contracted by Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. The company pledged to select papers based on their merit, without regard to whether the findings were favorable toward their client.
- Emek Basker: Selling a Cheaper Mousetrap: Wal-Mart’s Effect on Retail Prices
- Emek Basker and Pham Hoang Van: Putting a Smiley Face on the Dragon: Wal-Mart as Catalyst to US-China Trade
- Marlon G. Boarnet, Randall Crane, Daniel G. Chatman, and Michael Manville: Emerging planning challenges in retail: The case of Wal-Mart
- Jerry Hausman and Ephraim Leibtag: Consumer Benefits from Increased Competition in Shopping Outlets: Measuring the Effect of Wal-Mart
- Albert Myles, Kenneth Stone, and Georgeanne Artz: The Economic Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Existing Businesses in Mississippi
- The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets by David Neumark (University of California-Irvine), Junfu Zhang (Clark University), and Stephen Ciccarella (Cornell University). (Link is to their final edit, published in 2007. This is the only study we’ve seen that looks at indirect (businesses not in direct competition), as well as direct, impacts of Wal-Mart on local employment — a critical factor. Key findings: 8 years following a Wal-Mart opening, total local business payrolls decline, and county-level retail employment dropped by 150 jobs. With an average “superstore” employing 360 people, this suggests 1.4 jobs are eliminated (after 8 years) for each new Wal-Mart job created as existing businesses scale back or close.)
The following three studies by Michael Hicks are hosted on this web page.
- The Impact of Wal-Mart on Local Fiscal Health: Evidence from a Panel of Ohio Counties
- What Do Quarterly Workforce Dynamics Tell Us About Wal-Mart?
Evidence from New Stores in Pennsylvania
- Does Wal-Mart Cause an Increase in Anti-Poverty Program Expenditures?
Global Insight, the company hired by Wal-Mart to run the conference and screen papers for academic merit, was also commissioned to produce this report on The Economic Impact of Wal-Mart.